Here’s an exhibition specifically geared towards the visually impaired and the RNIB in the UK lists art made accessible to the visually impaired. There are occasional exhibitions where objects are exhibited for touch as well as sight.

I take your point about the temporal element in audio etc but is there not also a temporal element in the appreciation of objects by sight? The nuances and rhythms and relationships and details of something seen are also only explored and revealed through time, in my experience.